CH A PTER VII. THE CITY OF MATHUB! (concluded): ITS EUBOPIIN IKSTITUTIOSS MUSEUM, A LIGHT railway, on the metre gauge, 29| miles ia lengthy which was opened for traffic OB the 10th of October? 18753 now connects the city with the East India Line, which it joins at the Hathras Road station* The cost was Rs. 9,55,868, being about Rs. 30,000 a mile^ including rolling stock and every- thing else. Of'tMs amount Es. 3,24,100 were contributed by local sliareholders, and the balance,, Rs. 8,31 j763, came from Provincial Funds. Interest is guaranteed at the rate of 4 per cent, per annum, with ft moiety of the surplus earnings that may at any time be realized. The line has proved an unques- tionable success and its yearly earnings continue to show a steady increase. But the principal shareholders— including the Seth, who invested as much as a lakh and-a-half in it—were certainly not attracted by the largeness of the pecuniary profit; for 12 per cent is the lowest return which Indian capitalists ordina*- rfly receive for their money. They were entirely influenced by a highly com- mendable public spirit and a desire to support the local European authorities, who had shown themselves personally interested In the matter,* He ultimate success of the line has mow been secured by its junction with the Eajputana State B&ilway. The distance being only some 25 miles, the earthwork was ealr- ried otjfc during the late faming and the scheme is now completed but for tike bridge over ihe JamtuuL In the design that has been supplied there are 12 spans of 98 feet each, with passage both for road and railway traffic and two foot-pathsj at an estimated cost of Rs. 3,OOjOOO. As ihe receipts from tolls on the existing pdntoon bridge are about Rs. 45,000 per azmtmij even a larger expenditure might safely be incurred. Cross sections of the river have been obtained, and a series of borings taken, which show a flood channel of 1,000 feet and clay foundations tmderlying the sand at 3$ feei The site is in every way well suited for the purpose and presents no special engineering difficulties*; but tie construction of so large a bridge mnst necessarily be a work of time^ and before it is completed it is probable that the line will have been extended from Its oiier end, ihe Hiihras terminus, to Farnkhabad and so on to Cawnpnrj the * Next to the fiefhr-Jrapo m&msllo—the largest number of shines were Ifckea ap % jssy- sdf; for at tbal time I nerer especied t® b« moved from tke dis&kit.